# Custom Modules

Custom Modules are completely open-ended components that allow you to create new experiences within the Directus platform. Learn more about Modules.

# 1. Setup the Boilerplate

Every module is a standalone "package" that contains at least a metadata file and a Vue component. We recommend using the following file structure:

src/
	index.js
	module.vue

# src/index.js

import ModuleComponent from './module.vue';

export default {
	id: 'custom',
	name: 'Custom',
	icon: 'box',
	routes: [
		{
			path: '',
			component: ModuleComponent,
		},
	],
};
  • id — The unique key for this module. It is good practice to scope proprietary interfaces with an author prefix.
  • name — The human-readable name for this module.
  • icon — An icon name from the material icon set, or the extended list of Directus custom icons.
  • routes — Details the routes in your module. The routes are registered as nested routes with the module's id serving as the base path.

TypeScript

See the TypeScript definition (opens new window) for more info on what can go into this object.

# src/module.vue

<template>
	<private-view title="My Custom Module">Content goes here...</private-view>
</template>

<script>
export default {};
</script>

# Accessing the API from within your extension

The Directus App's Vue app instance provides a field called api, which can be injected into Vue components using Vue's inject framework (opens new window). This api field contains a property called api, which is an authenticated Axios instance. Here's an example of how to use it:

<template>
	<private-view title="Example Collection List">
		<v-list>
			<v-list-item v-for="col in collections" v-bind:key="col.collection">
				{{ col.collection }}
			</v-list-item>
		</v-list>
		<v-button v-on:click="logToConsole">Log collections to console</v-button>
	</private-view>
</template>

<script>
export default {
	data() {
		return {
			collections: null,
		};
	},
	methods: {
		logToConsole: function () {
			console.log(this.collections);
		},
	},
	inject: ['api'],
	mounted() {
		// log the system field so you can see what attributes are available under it
		// remove this line when you're done.
		console.log(this.api);

		// Get a list of all available collections to use with this module
		this.api.get('/collections?limit=-1').then((res) => {
			this.collections = res.data.data;
		});
	},
};
</script>

In the above example, you can see that:

  • The api field gets injected into the component and becomes available as an attribute of the component (ie this.api)
  • When the component is mounted, it uses this.api.get to request a list of all available collections
  • The names of the collections are rendered into a list in the component's template
  • a button is added with a method the logs all the data for the collections to the console

This is just a basic example. A more efficient way to access and work with the list of collections would be to get an instance of the collectionsStore using store.useCollectionsStore(), but that's beyond the scope of this guide

# Available Props

If you setup a route with a parameter, you can pass it in as a prop.

# 2. Install Dependencies

Set up a package.json file by running:

npm init -y

To be read by the Admin App, your custom module's Vue component must first be bundled into a single index.js file. We recommend bundling your code using the directus-extension CLI from our @directus/extensions-sdk package. The CLI internally uses a Rollup configuration tailored specifically to bundling Directus extensions. To install the Extension SDK, run this command:

npm i -D @directus/extensions-sdk

For the directus-extension CLI to recognize the extension type, the input path and the output path, add this field to the root of the package.json file:

"directus:extension": {
	"type": "module",
	"path": "dist/index.js",
	"source": "src/index.js",
	"host": "^9.0.0-rc.92",
	"hidden": false
}

# 3. Develop Your Custom Module

The module itself is simply a Vue component, which provides a blank canvas for creating anything you need.

# 4. Build and Deploy

To build the module for use within Directus, run:

npx directus-extension build

Finally, move the output from your module's dist folder into your project's /extensions/modules/my-custom-module folder. Keep in mind that the extensions directory is configurable within your env file, and may be located elsewhere.

Last Updated: 11/10/2021, 3:29:40 PM