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Breaking Changes ​

As we continue to build Directus, we occasionally make changes that change how certain features works. We try and keep these to a minimum, but rest assured we only make them with good reason.

Learn more about Versioning

Learn more about Upgrading your Instance

Starting with Directus 10.0, here is a list of potential breaking changes with remedial action you may need to take.

Version 10.10.0 ​

Deprecated Typed Extension Folders ​

Legacy extension type directory-based structure (/interfaces/my-interface/, /endpoints/my-endpoint, etc) are being removed in favor of relying on the package.json file for metadata including extension type.

If your extensions are already relying on the up-to-date extensions folder paradigm (extensions in the root of your extensions folder prefixed with directus-extension-) no action is required at this point. If you're currently relying on the legacy format for extensions, recognizable by each extension type having it's own folder, like endpoints, hooks, etc, you will have to update your extensions before upgrading to this version.

Directus will ignore extensions that use the legacy format starting in this version.

Migration/Mitigation

Move all extension directories from their extension type subdirectory one level up. For example:

  • ./extensions/modules/module-a/ becomes ./extensions/module-a/.
  • ./extensions/panels/panel-b/ becomes ./extensions/panel-b/.

If your extension does not already have one, add a directus:extension object to your package.json file:

json
{
	"name": "directus-extension-hello-world",
	"version": "1.0.0",
	"type": "module",
	"directus:extension": {
		"type": "endpoint",
		"path": "dist/index.js",
		"source": "src/index.js",
		"host": "^10.0.0"
	}
}
{
	"name": "directus-extension-hello-world",
	"version": "1.0.0",
	"type": "module",
	"directus:extension": {
		"type": "endpoint",
		"path": "dist/index.js",
		"source": "src/index.js",
		"host": "^10.0.0"
	}
}

Notes:

  • Make sure type matches the JS type of your dist file (cjs or esm).
  • Make sure directus:extension.type matches the type of extension. This should match the legacy type folder name.
  • Make sure directus:extension.pathpoints to your extensions’ dist file.
  • Make sure directus:extension.source points to your extensions’ source code entry point or set to an empty string "" when the source code is not stored alongside the package.json file.
  • Make sure directus:extension.host is set to a Directus version range your extension is compatible with (for example: ^10.0.0)

Moved Migrations Out of Extensions ​

Migrations are no longer considered an extension type as of this release. The migrations extensions directory must be migrated.

Place migrations in the ./migrations directory, or set the new location in the MIGRATIONS_PATH environment variable.

Moved Email Templates Out of Extensions ​

Email Templates are no longer considered an extension type as of this release. The templates extensions directory must be migrated.

Place email templates in the ./templates directory, or set the new location in the EMAIL_TEMPLATES_PATH environment variable.

Content Versioning Output ​

Starting with 10.10.0, when requesting Item Content Versions via the API, nested relational changes to one-to-many are resolved rather than returned as a raw changes object (see #20890 for more information).

The change makes the output for a versioned record match the format of the Main record more closely, which then natively supports other features like Live Preview. To retrieve the raw staged version (pre-10.10.0 behavior), just add the new ?versionRaw=true query parameter to the request.

For improved security and ease of use we have implemented session based authentication and have updated the App to use this method over the previous token based authentication. This impacts oauth2, open-id and saml SSO installations as they too will now default to the new session based authentication in order to work with the App out-of-the-box. The new session cookie can be configured using the SESSION_COOKIE_* environment variables.

To keep using the previous SSO behavior setting the refresh token instead of session token for use in external applications, you can set AUTH_<PROVIDER>_MODE=cookie. This will however not work with the Directus app.

Extensions Extracting the Current Token from axios ​

This affects App extensions that are currently extracting the token from axios. This will no longer be either possible or necessary, as the App now uses a session cookie, which will be sent with each request from the browser.

Migration/Mitigation
js
function addQueryToPath(path, query) {
	const queryParams = [];

	for (const [key, value] of Object.entries(query)) {
		queryParams.push(`${key}=${value}`);
	}

	return path.includes('?') ? `${path}&${queryParams.join('&')}` : `${path}?${queryParams.join('&')}`;
}

function getToken() {
	return (
		directusApi.defaults?.headers?.['Authorization']?.split(' ')[1] ||
		directusApi.defaults?.headers?.common?.['Authorization']?.split(' ')[1] ||
		null
	);
}

function addTokenToURL(url) {
	const accessToken = getToken();
	if (!accessToken) return url;
	return addQueryToPath(url, {
		access_token: accessToken,
	});
}

const authenticatedURL = addTokenToURL('/assets/<uuid>')
function addQueryToPath(path, query) {
	const queryParams = [];

	for (const [key, value] of Object.entries(query)) {
		queryParams.push(`${key}=${value}`);
	}

	return path.includes('?') ? `${path}&${queryParams.join('&')}` : `${path}?${queryParams.join('&')}`;
}

function getToken() {
	return (
		directusApi.defaults?.headers?.['Authorization']?.split(' ')[1] ||
		directusApi.defaults?.headers?.common?.['Authorization']?.split(' ')[1] ||
		null
	);
}

function addTokenToURL(url) {
	const accessToken = getToken();
	if (!accessToken) return url;
	return addQueryToPath(url, {
		access_token: accessToken,
	});
}

const authenticatedURL = addTokenToURL('/assets/<uuid>')
js
// no extra logic needed to be authenticated
const authenticatedURL = '/assets/<uuid>';
// no extra logic needed to be authenticated
const authenticatedURL = '/assets/<uuid>';

Extensions using AuthenticationService ​

In the AuthenticationService the login function signature has been changed to have an options object as the third argument for any extra options:

js
AuthenticationService.login('email', 'password', 'otp-code');
AuthenticationService.login('email', 'password', 'otp-code');
js
AuthenticationService.login('email', 'password', { otp: 'otp-code', session: true });
AuthenticationService.login('email', 'password', { otp: 'otp-code', session: true });

Introduced Allow List for OAuth2/OpenID/SAML Redirects ​

Due to an Open Redirect vulnerability with the OAuth2, OpenID and SAML SSO providers, we have introduced an allow list for these redirects.

If your current workflow depends on redirecting to an external domain after successful SSO login using the ?redirect=http://example.com/login query parameter, then you'll need to add this URL to the AUTH_<PROVIDER>_REDIRECT_ALLOW_LIST config option.

AUTH_<PROVIDER>_REDIRECT_ALLOW_LIST accepts a comma-separated list of URLs (path is included in comparison).

Email Flow Operation No Longer Waits for Emails to Be Sent ​

Previously, the Send Email Flow Operation has waited until emails have been sent out before proceeding to the next step.

This is no longer the case, which also means that the operation can no longer be used to receive information about dispatched emails.

If this is a requirement, it can still be achieved by building a custom operation which directly uses the MailService.

Version 10.9.0 ​

Updated Exif Tags ​

The library exif-reader, which is used for Exif metadata extraction of images, has been updated to v2. In this release, tag names have been updated to align with the Exif standard. See https://github.com/devongovett/exif-reader/pull/30 for a complete list of updated tags.

This might be a breaking change if a custom FILE_METADATA_ALLOW_LIST config is in place, or you rely on the generated Exif tags stored in Directus Files to not change name.

The updated Exif tags only apply to images which are uploaded after upgrading to this release.

Dropped Support for SDK Scoped Entrypoints ​

You can no longer import parts of the SDK through scoped entrypoints to prevent issues with TypeScript based libraries consuming the SDK.

Any scoped imports of @directus/sdk will need updating to import functions from the root.

Migration/Mitigation
js
import { createDirectus } from '@directus/sdk';
import { rest } from '@directus/sdk/rest';
import { createDirectus } from '@directus/sdk';
import { rest } from '@directus/sdk/rest';
js
import { createDirectus, rest } from '@directus/sdk';
import { createDirectus, rest } from '@directus/sdk';

Dropped Support for Asynchronous Logic In JS Config Files ​

Environment handling has been moved to a new @directus/env package. With this new package, ESM config files are still supported, but will no longer support running asynchronous code within them.

Updated Sorting in Schema Snapshots ​

The sort order of fields and relations inside schema snapshots has been changed to their original creation order. This is to increase consistency of resulting snapshots artifacts.

While this is not a breaking change, you are advised to regenerate the snapshot after the version update of Directus, provided you are tracking the snapshot in a version control system.

Version 10.8.3 ​

Updated GraphQL Content Version Usage ​

Previously when accessing content versions via GraphQL, a version parameter was used on existing fields. This has now been changed and is accessed via dedicated query types (<collection>_by_version and versions).

Migration/Mitigation
graphql
# Get an item's version by id
query {
	<collection>_by_id(id: 15, version: "draft") {
		id
		title
		body
	}
}

# Get a version singleton or list versions in a collection
query {
	<collection>(version: "draft") {
		id
		title
		body
	}
}
# Get an item's version by id
query {
	<collection>_by_id(id: 15, version: "draft") {
		id
		title
		body
	}
}

# Get a version singleton or list versions in a collection
query {
	<collection>(version: "draft") {
		id
		title
		body
	}
}
graphql
# Get an item's version by id
query {
	<collection>_by_version(id: 15, version: "draft") {
		id
		title
		body
	}
}

# Get a version singleton
query {
	<collection>_by_version(version: "draft") {
		id
		title
		body
	}
}

# List versions in a collection (`/graphql/system`)
query {
	versions(filter: { collection: { _eq: "posts" } }) {
        item
        key
    }
}
# Get an item's version by id
query {
	<collection>_by_version(id: 15, version: "draft") {
		id
		title
		body
	}
}

# Get a version singleton
query {
	<collection>_by_version(version: "draft") {
		id
		title
		body
	}
}

# List versions in a collection (`/graphql/system`)
query {
	versions(filter: { collection: { _eq: "posts" } }) {
        item
        key
    }
}

Renamed ExtensionItem Type in the SDK ​

The ExtensionItem type has been renamed to DirectusExtension to be inline with other system collections.

Version 10.7.0 ​

Replaced Extensions List Endpoints ​

In previous releases, it was possible to GET /extensions/:type to retrieve a list of enabled extensions for a given type.

This has been replaced with a GET /extensions endpoint that returns all extensions along with their type and status.

Version 10.6.2 ​

Swapped Parameters and Auth Mode for Refresh Method in the SDK ​

The parameter order for the refresh method and thus also the default auth mode have been swapped in order to work well with both auth modes, cookie and json.

Migration/Mitigation
js
// refresh http request using a cookie
const result = await client.request(refresh('', 'cookie'));

// refresh http request using json
const result = await client.request(refresh(refresh_token));
const result = await client.request(refresh(refresh_token, 'json'));
// refresh http request using a cookie
const result = await client.request(refresh('', 'cookie'));

// refresh http request using json
const result = await client.request(refresh(refresh_token));
const result = await client.request(refresh(refresh_token, 'json'));
js
// refresh http request using a cookie
const result = await client.request(refresh());
const result = await client.request(refresh('cookie'));

// refresh http request using json
const result = await client.request(refresh('json', refresh_token));
// refresh http request using a cookie
const result = await client.request(refresh());
const result = await client.request(refresh('cookie'));

// refresh http request using json
const result = await client.request(refresh('json', refresh_token));

Renamed Helper Function in the SDK ​

The SDK helper function asSearch has been renamed to withSearch for naming consistency in helpers.

Version 10.6 ​

Dropped Support for Custom NPM Modules in the Run Script operation in Flows ​

Prior to this release, Directus relied on vm2 to run code from Run Script operations in Flows - our automation feature. vm2 is now unmaintained with critical security issues that could potentially allow code to escape the sandbox and potentially access the machine which hosts your Directus project. We have migrated to isolated-vm to allow Flows to continue to run safely.

If you used to rely on axios, node-fetch, or other libraries to make web requests, we strongly recommend migrating to using the Webhook / Request URL operation instead. This operation includes additional security measures, like the IP allow-list that prevents traffic. For other npm packages in Flows, your will need to create a custom operation extension.

Version 10.4 ​

Consolidated Environment Variables for Redis Use ​

Directus had various different functionalities that required you to use Redis when running Directus in a horizontally scaled environment such as caching, rate-limiting, realtime, and flows. The configuration for these different parts have been combined into a single set of REDIS environment variables that are reused across the system.

Migration/Mitigation

Combine all the *_REDIS environment variables into a single shared one as followed:

ini
CACHE_STORE="redis"
CACHE_REDIS_HOST="127.0.0.1"
CACHE_REDIS_PORT="6379"
...
RATE_LIMITER_STORE="redis"
RATE_LIMITER_REDIS_HOST="127.0.0.1"
RATE_LIMITER_REDIS_PORT="6379"
...
SYNCHRONIZATION_STORE="redis"
SYNCHRONIZATION_REDIS_HOST="127.0.0.1"
SYNCHRONIZATION_REDIS_PORT="6379"
...
MESSENGER_STORE="redis"
MESSENGER_REDIS_HOST="127.0.0.1"
MESSENGER_REDIS_PORT="6379"
CACHE_STORE="redis"
CACHE_REDIS_HOST="127.0.0.1"
CACHE_REDIS_PORT="6379"
...
RATE_LIMITER_STORE="redis"
RATE_LIMITER_REDIS_HOST="127.0.0.1"
RATE_LIMITER_REDIS_PORT="6379"
...
SYNCHRONIZATION_STORE="redis"
SYNCHRONIZATION_REDIS_HOST="127.0.0.1"
SYNCHRONIZATION_REDIS_PORT="6379"
...
MESSENGER_STORE="redis"
MESSENGER_REDIS_HOST="127.0.0.1"
MESSENGER_REDIS_PORT="6379"
ini
REDIS_HOST="127.0.0.1"
REDIS_PORT="6379"

CACHE_STORE="redis"
RATE_LIMITER_STORE="redis"
SYNCHRONIZATION_STORE="redis"
MESSENGER_STORE="redis"
REDIS_HOST="127.0.0.1"
REDIS_PORT="6379"

CACHE_STORE="redis"
RATE_LIMITER_STORE="redis"
SYNCHRONIZATION_STORE="redis"
MESSENGER_STORE="redis"

Dropped Support for Memcached ​

Directus used to support either memory, Redis, or Memcached for caching and rate-limiting storage. Given a deeper integration with Redis, and the low overall usage/adoption of Memcached across Directus installations, we've decided to sunset Memcached in favor of focusing on Redis as the primary solution for pub/sub and hot-storage across load-balanced Directus installations.

Updated Errors Structure for Extensions ​

As part of standardizing how extensions are built and shipped, you must replace any system exceptions you extracted from exceptions with new errors created within the extension itself. We recommend prefixing the error code with your extension name for improved debugging, but you can keep using the system codes if you relied on that in the past.

Migration/Mitigation
js
export default (router, { exceptions }) => {
	const { ForbiddenException } = exceptions;

	router.get('/', (req, res) => {
		throw new ForbiddenException();
	});
};
export default (router, { exceptions }) => {
	const { ForbiddenException } = exceptions;

	router.get('/', (req, res) => {
		throw new ForbiddenException();
	});
};
js
import { createError } from '@directus/errors';

const ForbiddenError = createError('MY_EXTENSION_FORBIDDEN', 'No script kiddies please...');

export default (router) => {
	router.get('/', (req, res) => {
		throw new ForbiddenError();
	});
};
import { createError } from '@directus/errors';

const ForbiddenError = createError('MY_EXTENSION_FORBIDDEN', 'No script kiddies please...');

export default (router) => {
	router.get('/', (req, res) => {
		throw new ForbiddenError();
	});
};

Version 10.2 ​

Removed Fields from Server Info Endpoint ​

As a security precaution, we have removed the following information from the /server/info endpoint:

  • Directus Version
  • Node Version and Uptime
  • OS Type, Version, Uptime, and Memory