# Items: Data Access

Items are individual pieces of data in your database. They can be anything, from articles, to IoT status checks. Learn more about Items.


# The Item Object

Items don't have a pre-defined schema. The format depends completely on how you configured your collections and fields in Directus. For the sake of documentation, we'll use a fictional articles collection with the following fields: id, status, title, body, featured_image, and author.

{
	"id": 1,
	"status": "published",
	"title": "Hello, world!",
	"body": "This is my first article",
	"featured_image": "768eabec-3c54-4110-a6bb-64b548116661",
	"author": "0bc7b36a-9ba9-4ce0-83f0-0a526f354e07"
}

# Get Items

List all items that exist in Directus.

# Query Parameters

Supports all global query parameters.

Nested Data

The Field Parameter is required to return nested relational data!

# Returns

An array of up to limit item objects. If no items are available, data will be an empty array.

# Singleton

If your collection is a singleton, this endpoint will return the item.

# REST API

GET /items/:collection
# Example
GET /items/articles

# GraphQL

type Query {
	<collection>: [<collection>]
}
# Example
query {
	articles {
		id
		title
		author {
			first_name
		}
	}
}

# Get Item by ID

Get an item that exists in Directus.

# Query Parameters

Supports all global query parameters.

# Returns

Returns a item object if a valid primary key was provided.

# REST API

GET /items/:collection/:id
# Example
GET /items/articles/15

# GraphQL

type Query {
	<collection>_by_id(id: ID!): <collection>
}
# Example
query {
	articles_by_id(id: 15) {
		id
		title
	}
}

# Create an Item

Create a new item in the given collection.

# Query Parameters

Supports all global query parameters.

# Request Body

An array of partial item objects.

# Returns

Returns the item objects of the item that were created.

# REST API

POST /items/:collection
# Example
POST /items/articles
{
	"title": "Hello world!",
	"body": "This is our first article"
}

# GraphQL

type Mutation {
	create_<collection>_item(data: create_<collection>_input): <collection>
}
# Example
mutation {
	create_articles_item(data: { title: "Hello world!", body: "This is our first article" }) {
		id
		title
	}
}

# Create Multiple Items

Create new items in the given collection.

# Query Parameters

Supports all global query parameters.

# Request Body

An array of partial item objects.

# Returns

Returns the item objects of the item that were created.

# REST API

POST /items/:collection
# Example
POST /items/articles
[
	{
		"title": "Hello world!",
		"body": "This is our first article"
	},
	{
		"title": "Hello again, world!",
		"body": "This is our second article"
	}
]

# GraphQL

type Mutation {
	create_<collection>_items(data: [create_<collection>_input]): [<collection>]
}
# Example
mutation {
	create_articles_items(
		data: [
			{ title: "Hello world!", body: "This is our first article" }
			{ title: "Hello again, world!", body: "This is our second article" }
		]
	) {
		id
		title
	}
}

# Update an Item

Update an existing item.

# Query Parameters

Supports all global query parameters.

# Request Body

A partial item object.

# Returns

Returns the item object of the item that was updated.

# REST API

PATCH /items/:collection/:id
# Example
PATCH /items/articles/15
{
	"title": "An updated title"
}

# GraphQL

type Mutation {
	update_<collection>_item(id: ID!, data: update_<collection>_input!): <collection>
}
# Example
mutation {
	update_articles_item(id: 15, data: { title: "An updated title" }) {
		id
		title
	}
}

# Update Multiple Items

Update multiple items at the same time.

# Query Parameters

Supports all global query parameters.

# Request Body

An array of partial item objects.

# Returns

Returns the item objects for the updated items.

# Singleton

If your collection is a singleton, this endpoint will act the same as the Update an Item endpoint.

# REST API

PATCH /items/:collection
# Example
PATCH /items/articles
{
	"keys": [1, 2],
	"data": {
		"status": "published"
	}
}

# GraphQL

type Mutation {
	update_<collection>_items(ids: [ID!]!, data: [update_<collection>_input]): [<collection>]
}
# Example
mutation {
	update_articles_items(ids: [1, 2], data: { status: "published" }) {
		id
		status
	}
}

# Delete an Item

Delete an existing item.

# Returns

Empty body.

# REST API

DELETE /items/:collection/:id
# Example
DELETE /items/articles/15

# GraphQL

type Mutation {
	delete_<collection>_item(id: ID!): delete_one
}
# Example
mutation {
	delete_articles_item(id: 15) {
		id
	}
}

# Delete Multiple Items

Delete multiple existing items.

# Request Body

An array of item primary keys.

# Returns

Empty body.

# REST API

DELETE /items/:collection
# Example
DELETE /items/articles
[15, 16, 21]

# GraphQL

type Mutation {
	delete_<collection>_items(ids: [ID!]!): delete_many
}
# Example
mutation {
	delete_articles_items(ids: [15, 16, 21]) {
		ids
	}
}